Last Updated on April 12, 2023
Walks in London are a great way to see this phenomenal city. Walks in London are walks through history…and you never know what you’ll uncover.
Estimated reading time: 14 minutes
By Jim Ferri
Walks in London are among the best anywhere in the world. What makes them so attractive is the variety of things you find in the British capital.
London is a layer cake of history, 2,000 years of it, going back to the Romans (and earlier). You’ll find dazzling ancient and modern architecture, wonderful museums, and incredible pageantry. With great shopping. And hotels and restaurants for every budget. There’s also great theater and too many historical landmarks to see even on a multi-week stay.
Not surprisingly, many of the areas of Metropolitan London are chockablock with places you’ve likely heard about all your life. And you can easily reach all of them via the city’s vast Underground network. Take the Tube to each of the stations below to set off on each London walk. The best walks include Royal London, Bloomsbury, The City, Covent Garden, Trafalgar, Westminster, Kensington & Knightbridge.
First, however, you need a good map of London, which shows the Underground stations. You’ll find many good (and inexpensive) maps here. I’ve found the laminated Michelin maps excellent since they stand up to rough use as well as London’s rain. You can also write on them and wipe them off.
Due to time constraints the following walks are not all-inclusive but touch only on the main sights in each area.
A Walking Tour of Royal London
(Station: Charing Cross)
Exit Charing Cross station and walk through Trafalgar Square to Whitehall. Then turn left and you’ll see the famous Horse Guards, aka the Household Cavalry. Enter the courtyard by the Horse Guard and walk through to the parade ground. Turn right there onto Horse Guards Road and walk to The Mall, about 3 minutes. Turn left on The Mall and walk through St. James Park to Buckingham Palace.
About halfway to Buckingham, you’ll pass St. James’s Palace, a Tudor Royal residence, on your right on Marlborough Road. The luxury food store and Royal Purveyors, Fortnum & Mason, is a 5-minute walk away in Piccadilly. Make time for it sometime during your London visit. It’s a must-see.
Any London walking tour should certainly include Buckingham Palace. View the Changing of the Guard at 11:30am daily (from August – April every other day in good weather). Public tours of the State Rooms of Buckingham take place from late July through the end of September. You can also visit the Royal Mews to see the collection of coaches, cars, and carriages March – October. Guided tours depart hourly from 10:00-16:00.
Kensington Palace, former home of Princess Diana, is a 45-minute walk further on through vast Hyde Park. After a tour, stop for a bite or tea in the baroque Orangery in Kensington Gardens, adjacent to the palace.
Two other sites in Royal London, the Tower of London and Tower Bridge, are further away and best seen on a London walking tour of The City (below).
Walk About Westminster and Along the Thames
In addition to royalty, nothing epitomizes London more than Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament. But after you exit the Tube at Westminster head first for the historic Churchill War Rooms, just a few blocks away. You’ll find it astounding. (10 Downing Street is five minutes further.)
When you leave the War Rooms head back and tour Westminster Abbey, just a few minute’s walk. After leaving the Abbey, admire the Parliament building (guided tours on Saturdays throughout the year and most weekdays when Parliament is not in session) and Big Ben.
Now cross over the Thames on Westminster Bridge. On the far bank, turn left and walk to the London Eye (now officially the Coca-Cola London Eye). Depending on the time of day, the line for the London Eye could be long – but it is well worth the wait. You can also get tickets in advance (recommended).
After the Eye, continue down the Thames past Royal Festival Hall (Friday–Sunday there’s an excellent street food market behind it) to the Tate Modern. It’s about a one-mile walk.
Adjacent to the Tate you’ll find Shakespeare’s Globe, a recreation of an Elizabethan Theatre. Due to London’s weather, performances are only given part of the year.
A London Walking Tour of Trafalgar Square
(Station: Charing Cross)
After exiting the station walk south on the Strand to the Equestrian Statue of Charles I, less than a five-minute walk. Trafalgar Square, the hub of London’s West End, the theater and nightlife capital of the city, will be on your right. It’s dominated by Nelson’s Column, a tribute to Britain’s great naval officer.
On the far side of Trafalgar is Britain’s famous National Gallery, home to one of the most significant art collections in the world (free admission). Its collection contains more than 2,300 cavasses ranging from the early Renaissance to Impressionism.
In the same building (although not part of the National Gallery) is the National Portrait Gallery. It’s a fascinating place where you can link faces with those famous people you read about in World History class.
When you exit the National Gallery, to your left you’ll see St. Martin-in-the-Fields, a church renowned for its music events, including free lunchtime concerts.
Wandering About The City
(Station: Tower Hill)
The area of London known simply as “The City,” is an ancient square mile on the north bank of the Thames. Roughly following the old Roman walls that once existed here, today it’s the center of London’s financial district and home to both the Stock Exchange and the Bank of England. Here modern skyscrapers tower above medieval alleyways below, all excellent fodder for an enjoyable walk in London.
When you exit the Tube station, head straight for the historic Tower of London, actually outside The City historic district. Originally built for William the Conqueror, it’s where Henry VIII had two of his wives put to death. Today, though, it’s home to the Crown Jewels.
Certainly tour the Tower, see the jewels, meet the Yeoman Warders, and admire Tower Bridge spanning the Thames below.
From the Tower, you can walk northward to see “The Gherkin” (30 St. Mary Axe), the affectionately named pickle-looking skyscraper next to Lloyd’s of London. Or, on the other hand, you can walk along Lower Thames Street to “the monument,” which marks the great fire of London in 1666. Its height is the exact distance to the bakery on Pudding Lane where the conflagration began. Each walk is 10-15 minutes.
From either, it’s about a 10-minute walk to the Bank of England and the interesting Bank of England Museum. From there it’s only a five-minute walk to the medieval Guildhall. For more than 900 years the Guildhall was the administrative center of the City of London. Visit it’s beautiful 15th-century Great Hall, hung with banners, where ceremonies are still held. The remains of a Roman amphitheater are nearby.
From the Barbican it’s a 15-minute walk to beautiful St. Paul’s Cathedral, built by Christopher Wren after the Great Fire. Its interior is magnificent, and the Cathedral itself is similar in several respects to St. Peter’s in Rome.
Discovering Bloomsbury and Fitzrovia on Foot
(Station: Russell Square Station)
Tube Note: You can use also use the Tottenham Court Road Metro Station to reach the British Museum. I like Russell better since I enjoy the stroll through Russell Square Park.
On a London walking tour, you don’t want to miss Bloomsbury, the literary and scholarly heart of London. Here you’ll find the world-famous British Museum, British Library, the Sir John Soane’s Museum, the Charles Dickens Museum, Pollocks Toy Museum, and more.
Start your walking tour at the British Museum, the oldest museum in the world. It has 6 million items in its collection, so obviously you can’t see them all. But among the things you’ll likely want to see are the Rosetta Stone, the Elgin Marbles, the mummies (including the Mummified Cat), and much, much more. It’s overwhelming and incredibly interesting.
If you have time, certainly see the Sir John Soane’s Museum, a 10-minute walk south at 13 Lincoln’s Inn Fields. A leading British architect, Soane crammed – yes, crammed – three adjoining houses with nearly 45,000 objects. The house has been left untouched since his death over 180 years ago. It’s amazing.
East of the British Museum, a 15-minute walk will take you to the Charles Dickens Museum. It was the Victorian author’s home at the time he wrote Oliver Twist, Nicholas Nickleby, and The Pickwick Papers.
A 10-minute walk northwest of the British Museum will bring you to the privately-owned Pollock’s Toy Museum and Shop (1 Scala Street), a little museum filled with old-fashioned toys. (Note: it’s not meant for small children).
Bibliophiles may want to make two stops. One is the Jarndyce Antiquarian Bookshop, right across the street from the British Museum.
The other is the British Library whose collection includes everything published in Britain as well as international historical publications. It’s adjacent to St. Pancras Station, itself a beautiful piece of Victorian architecture.
Walking About Covent Garden
(Station: Covent Garden)
Covent Garden is London’s first planned square. It’s also one of the liveliest places in the city with a lot to see in a relatively small area.
For many years this vegetable and flower market retained its My Fair Lady atmosphere. Today you’ll still find the vegetable and flower purveyors, but also luxury shops and upscale restaurants catering to the theater crowd.
Also adjacent is the London Transport Museum with its bevy of buses, locomotives and everything else related to London Transport. Its collection includes more than 400,000 items.
Walk a few blocks over, across Strand, and you’ll find Somerset House. A former riverside palace, it once was home to Britain’s Navy Board. Today, though, it’s home to Britain’s Civil Service. It also houses the world-renown Courtauld Institute of Art, founded for the study of European Art.
Through Kensington & Knightsbridge
(Station: South Kensington)
Although they are two separate neighborhoods, I think of Kensington and Knightsbridge almost as one, since they are so entwined. A warning, however – you can easily spend several days here.
When you exit the South Kensington Tube, walk five minutes north to Cromwell Road where you’ll find museum heaven. There, almost abutting one another, are the Victoria & Albert Museum, the National History Museum, and the Science Museum. All are spectacular in their own right.
On the six floors of the V&A, as it’s known, you’ll find an incredible treasure house of fine and applied arts from around the world. The British Gallery alone has 3,000+ items of British art.
In each of this trio of museums, it’s best to get a museum map and ask for recommendations as to what to see. Also, on the exterior of the building look for the World War II bomb damage intentionally left unrepaired.
Across the street, continue your London walk with a visit the Natural History Museum. It’s the repository of specimens brought back home by Charles Darwin and other scientists. Today there are more than 70 million items in the museum’s collections. Again, scream for help at the front desk.
You’ll find the Science Museum adjacent to the Natural History Museum. It’s a hands-on museum that is quite interesting and a lot of fun. It’s home to everything from the world’s oldest surviving steam locomotive (“Puffing Billy”) to the Apollo 10 Command Module. You know what to do at the front desk.
From the V&A continue up Brompton Road to the nearby Brompton Oratory. Make a quick stop to see its incredible Italianate interior. Then continue on to Harrods, about a leisurely half-hour walk up Brompton.
No walk in London would be complete without a visit to Harrods, which claims to have been “at the pinnacle of luxury retail for over 160 years.” In fact, Harrods is to shopping what the V&A is to art: if you haven’t been to either you’ll likely be a bit overwhelmed. Nevertheless, it’s a place to experience even if you’ve left your credit cards back in the hotel.
For a real treat have a meal or drink in one of its 20 restaurants and bars. And, as might be expected, there is afternoon tea…
Just be aware that Harrods has a dress code, and it will refuse entry to anyone wearing attire it considers inappropriate. Also barred are “visible tattoos and clothing that contain objectionable language or designs…” Read about it here.