Last Updated on February 27, 2021 by Jim Ferri
For some, the joy of travel goes beyond merely seeing the sights. Many of us also enjoy traveling to learn…
Estimated reading time: 6 minutes
By Marjorie Kean
The major museums of the world – such as the Smithsonian, the Louvre, British Museum and scores of others worldwide – have long been superb learning centers and magnets for travelers.
They are fascinating places to experience a variety of cultures and learn more about the world about us. For many of us they are high on our lists of places to visit when we’re traveling to any city.
But there are also other small places of learning that we know little about, which we sometimes stumble upon in our wanderings. That’s precisely what happened while we were driving through Montana not long ago.
Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center, Great Falls, Montana
Like most of us I never knew much about the American explorers Lewis and Clark except for what I retained from an hour or two of in my high school history class or, perhaps, from a PBS special.
While driving up to Montana’s Glacier National Park my husband and I overnighted in Great Falls, Montana, about three hours south of the park. It was there we learned more about the Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center in Great Falls and decided to visit it before heading northward. It turned out to be one of the most interesting parts of our trip.
Learning the Why of It All at the Center
What made it so enjoyable was that it is both highly interactive and educational, not just in the obvious sense of where they traveled, but also the depth of detail about the experience and people involved.
I was also amazed to learn the reason the 1804 expedition took place at all.
I knew from school that President Jefferson had acquired the Louisiana Territory without really knowing what he was buying. But now I learned why the expedition was especially important for Jefferson: the price he paid was about three times the amount authorized by Congress and he needed to justify the additional expense.
He chose Lewis and Clark to lead the expedition because he had a personal relationship with them. They also had military experience and shared a personal interest in agriculture, nature and medicine.
Enter A Nervous Napoleon
Another exhibit provided additional detail about the New World at the time and the vying factions for the Territory.
One was Spain, which at the time had conquered what today is all of California, Mexico, Florida and the Dominican Republic. England, though, was vying for the Northern Territories, which at that time also included present-day Oregon and Washington. The French, of course, laid claim to the Louisiana Territory while the young United States wanted the entire continent for expansion.
Napoleon, I learned, was getting nervous about the cost of the new war with Britain and perceived the sale of Louisiana as an easy way to generate funds. It also made the looming fight with Britain, over the remaining unclaimed territory in the Northwest of the New World, a problem for the U.S. instead of France.
Overcoming Communication Issues
The further on I moved through the Center, the more infatuated I became with the fascinating facts about obstacles to be overcome, and not just the geographic ones.
Lewis and Clark were negotiating with various tribes for everything from horses to food, and it was interesting is to learn how the Indians were receptive and liked to barter. In fact, they managed to establish very good relationships with the tribes they encountered along the route; it was the people who followed them that caused the subsequent difficulties and fighting with the Indians.
One obstacle they continually faced was the need to communicate in a language they did not know. Their solution was to use three or four different people speaking different languages until they “reached” the language of the tribe. A key in the communication chain was the Indian woman Sacagawea.
Learning the Story of Sacagawea at the Center
Sacagawea acted as a translator for Lewis and Clark for most of their journey to the Pacific and back, and helped them to overcome great obstacles.
In 1800, when she was approximately 12 years old, she was kidnaped from her tribe by an enemy war party. She was subsequently sold as a slave to Toussaint Charbonneau, a French-Canadian fur trader, who took her and another Indian woman as his wives.
Sacagawea and her fur-trader husband were hired by the expedition as translators, as well as for her ability to help to Lewis and Clark through the Rocky Mountains where she had grown up, and to barter with Indian tribes for much-needed horses.
The Center is a fascinating place well worth a visit if you’re in Great Falls or a stop on a road trip if you’re anywhere nearby. Most likely you’ll be fascinated by it.
If you go:
There are several Lewis and Clark Interpretive Centers in the western U.S. as well as other sites and centers of varying interest. These are the most notable:
Great Falls, Montana:
4201 Giant Springs Road
Great Falls, MT 59405
Tel: (406) 727-8733
Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center – Great Falls
Lewis and Clark National Historical Park
92343 Fort Clatsop Rd, Astoria, OR 97103
Tel: (503) 861-2471
Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center – Astoria
Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center
Cape Disappointment State Park
244 Robert Gray Dr,
Ilwaco, WA 98624
Tel: (360) 642-3029
Washburn, North Dakota:
2576 8th Street SW
Washburn, ND 58577
Tel: (701) 462-8535
Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center – Washburn